black tupelo wood

Price. Though it is not the dominant tree type in this oak/pine woodland, its presence still provides numerous benefits to wildlife. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet. These trees are fast growing in well-drained bottomlands, but slow growing in swampy sites. TUPELO BLOCKS, The Best Tupelo Carving Wood, White & Light, Defect free and great for carving. Petioles one-quarter to one-half an inch long, slender or stout, terete or margined, often red. Pages 12 & 26 "The Tie Guide 2nd edition (2016)" Prepared for the Railway Tie Association (RTA) by David A. Webb and Geoffrey V. Webb, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T61990588A61990590.en, "Tupelo, Black gum, sour gum - Nyssa sylvatica", http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~adk/oldlisteast/#spp, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Source, Interactive Distribution Map for Nyssa sylvatica, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nyssa_sylvatica&oldid=1001405810, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Articles needing additional references from June 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Black tupelo wood is widely used as a veneer for fruit berry boxes, and in plywood, panels, and railroad ties. Water Tupelo trees have tapered trunks that swell out to a larger base, giving it stability in wet soils and swamps. Because older trees of Black Tupelo often develop cavities, they provide dens for various small mammals and nesting habitat for some species of birds. Ovoid, two-thirds of an inch long, dark blue, acid. In areas where they intermingle, the two are hard to tell apart. The flowers are very small, in greenish-white in clusters at the top of a long stalk and a rich source or nectar for bees. Black tupelo grows in moist valleys and uplands in hardwood and pine forests. It grows well under the high shade of longleaf … Hello Select your address All Hello, Sign in. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. Hot fires cause severe mortality and cull. The wood of Nyssa sylvatica is heavy, hard, cross-grained, and difficult to split, especially after drying. Deer are extremely fond of the leaves on seedlings and saplings, to the point where large populations of them can make establishment of the tree almost impossible. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The range of swamp tupelo is limited to the Atlantic Coastal Plains and to estuaries from Maryland to Florida and along the Gulf of Mexico to southeastern Louisiana. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. When Black Tupelo grows near bodies of water, the wood is used as a source of food and construction materials by the Beaver, while White-Tailed Deer browse on the twigs and foliage. It is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America, capable of obtaining ages of over 650 years.[11]. The wood of the black gum has fibers not only interwoven but twisted to boot. It is located in the eastern half of the United States, Canada and Mexico and has the more plentiful growing range of the two tupelos. Amazon.com: tupelo carving wood. These qualities make it a popular choice for making mauls, pulleys, hubs, rollers, bowls, railroad ties and paving blocks. 5 out of 5 stars (173) 173 reviews $ 15.00. [9] When found on drier upper slopes and ridges, it is seldom of log size or quality.[9]. They come out of the bud conduplicate, coated beneath with rusty tomentum, when full grown are thick, dark green, very shining above, pale and often hairy beneath. [3] Both of these names contrast it with a different tree species with a broadly overlapping range, the sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), which does produce an aromatic resin. It comes from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. Corolla: Petals five, imbricate in bud, yellow green, ovate, thick, slightly spreading, inserted on the margin of the conspicuous disk. Workability: Easily worked with hand or machine tools, though tupelo has a tendency to warp while drying, and has a high amount of movement in service. Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). [4], While these trees are often known as simply "tupelo", the fuller name, black tupelo, helps distinguish it from the other species of the tupelo genus Nyssa, some of which have overlapping ranges, such as water tupelo (N. aquatica) and swamp tupelo (N. biflora). Branchlets at first pale green to orange, sometimes smooth, often downy, later dark brown. The leaves of this species are variable in size and shape. [16] It also was used for dipping snuff. The pith is chambered with greenish partitions. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu-nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir-able. In my yard the black gum (or black tupelo) is an important shade tree. It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. [12][13], Nyssa sylvatica is a major source of wild honey in many areas within its range. Following pollination, greenish flowers appearing in late spring develop into purple berries. Ovules, one in each cell. Tupelo Blocks. Today's Deals; From Our Brands. My house has all gumwood flooring. Used for turnery. Tree ID: 97. Nyssa Sylvatica wood is hard, resistant to wear, cross-grained, heavy and hard to split after drying. The name "tupelo" is used primarily in the American South; northward and in Appalachia, the tree is more commonly called the black gum or the sour gum, although no part of the plant is particularly gummy. The twigs of this tree are reddish-brown, usually hidden by a greyish skin. Lumber … Our buying guides are designed using a unique technology with a set of algorithms. Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Black Tupelo. In autumn they turn bright scarlet, or yellow and scarlet. Wood Tupelo Honey Crate - Vintage Yellow Color - Sized to hold 24 cans or bottles - Great for storage, or as a cool decoration ... Black bog oak (morta, wood) blanks for pipes 56*61*91 from 3720 years WoodBogOakBlanks. It also occurs locally in central and southern Mexico. Wood1.com is the international website for the worldwide Wood Industry. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked, with a fine texture. Polygamodiœcious, yellowish green, borne on slender downy peduncles. The stem rises to the summit of the tree in one tapering unbroken shaft, the branches come out at right angles to the trunk and either extend horizontally or droop a little, making a long-narrow, cone-like head. In the APG IV … Other additional uses are kitchen cabinets, factory floors, and platform planking required to withstand heavy wear. Its leaflets are thinner and less glossy, "with rather long tips, the under surface persistently somewhat downy and covered with minute warty excrescences easily seen under an ordinary hand lens"[5] "Yellow Gum is not a swamp tree, like Black Gum, but an inhabitant of dry land, hills, and the coves of the southern Appalachians which it ascends to 3500 feet". This champion Black Tupelo of Texas made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. From shop WoodBogOakBlanks. In this section you can find 5 Tupelo Wood Suppliers registered on our portal. Basswood planed, Tupelo smooth sawn. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! The foliage turns purple in autumn, eventually becoming an intense bright scarlet. Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young that makes transplanting difficult. Inner scales enlarge with the growing shoot, becoming red before they fall. They can be oval, elliptical, or obovate, and 5–12 cm (2–4.5 in) long. Feather-veined, midrib and primary veins prominent beneath. I took down a blackgum tupelo sapling a few years back. Heartwood is narrower, and is a medium brown to gray. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Family: Nyssaceae. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. In the uplands it grows best on the loams and clay loams of lower slopes and coves. We are knowlegeable about tupelo because it is our wood of choice, and because we have been selling it for over 15 years. In fact, the genus Nyssa is the name of a water nymph. The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica. Genus and species: Nyssa sylvatica. Tupelo or nyssa is a small genus consisting of 9 – 11 species. All competition grade! The spray is fine and abundant and lies horizontally so that the foliage arrangement is not unlike that of the beech (Fagus). caroliniana, which is sometimes called the Yellow Gum. [5], On Martha's Vineyard, in Massachusetts, this species is called "beetlebung", perhaps for its use in making the mallet known as a beetle, used for hammering bungs (stoppers) into barrels.[6]. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum,[2] is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. The lumber is also used for boxes, crates, pallets, and often for concealed furniture parts. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. The sour fruits are eagerly sought by many kinds of birds, including: American robin, Swainson's thrush, gray-cheeked thrush, hermit thrush, wood thrush, northern cardinal, northern mockingbird, blue jay, red-bellied woodpecker, yellow-bellied sapsucker, northern flicker, pileated woodpecker, eastern phoebe, brown thrasher, eastern bluebird, European starling, scarlet tanager, gray catbird, cedar waxwing, and American crow,[citation needed] all primarily eastern North American birds migrating or residing year-round within the tree's range. Wetland Status. The black tupelo is usually found on light soils of uplands and stream bottoms. Nyssa sylvatica is an important food source for many migrating birds in the fall [autumn]. There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. House is 175 years this year. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species. black tupelo is more susceptible to damage by fire than are the other species. [3], In Appalachia, the frequent variant is Nyssa sylvatica var. The companies are divided into suppliers for Tupelo Beams, Tupelo Logs, Tupelo Plywoods, Tupelo Poles, Tupelo Wood Chips and more. Tupelo is a favored wood for wildfowl carvings. Tupelo is preferred by many power carvers because it does not "fuzz" when carved. Staminate in many-flowered heads; pistillate in two to several flowered clusters. Here are a few things to note if you’re considering adding one to your yard. This portal is an active B2B website for all Wood Suppliers and their products like Wood. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? It commonly grows in both the creek bottoms of the southern coastal plains, to altitudes of about 900 meters (3,000 feet) in the Southern Appalachians. The stem rises to the summit of the tree in one tapering unbroken shaft, the branches come out at right angles to the trunk and either extend horizontally or droop a little, making a long-narrow, cone-like head. Since the wood is very tough, resistant to wear, it has been used for shuttles in weaving. Untreated, the section of stripped trunk I saved has held up better than many, albeit cracked from exposure to the elements. Stamens: Five to twelve. Bass wood is harder & holds detail better. They have lustrous upper surfaces, with entire, often wavy margins. Bark: Light reddish brown, deeply furrowed and scaly. Nyssa sylvatica's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph;[3] the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. These trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. For comparison, mature trees are largely left alone. So, we slogged through a lot of swamps and learned about tupelo the hard way. These trees grow best on well-drained, light-textured soils on the low ridges of second bottoms and on the high flats of silty alluvium. As one of the oldest species of tree in this area, capable of living well over 650 years, each tree can have a large and lengthy impact on its surroundings. Our Brands ; Tools & Home Improvement Product Color. Not that black gum, or black tupelo as it is sometimes called, didn't yield good wood. [3] The bark is dark gray and flaky when young, but it becomes furrowed with age, resembling alligator hide on very old stems. Prefers moist soils. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .46, .55, Modulus of Rupture: 9,500 lbf/in2 (65.5 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,188,000 lbf/in2 (8.19 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,470 lbf/in2 (37.7 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 5.1%, Tangential: 8.7%, Volumetric: 14.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. Non-Durable to perishable ; also susceptible to damage by fire than are the other species stream.! ( 2–4.5 in ) long, sometimes smooth, often red trunks provide nesting denning., becoming red before they fall long slender stalk so if you black tupelo wood. Youth, and bowls as well as for rough floors and pulpwood with the sway. Locally in central and southern Mexico base, giving its crown a scraggly appearance / ˈtuːpɪloʊ,! By fire than are the other species in many areas within its range... Untreated above a lake for many migrating birds in the uplands it grows well under the high shade of …! 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Which is very wide, and often for concealed furniture parts cultivation and the nursery trade tupelo carving wood wood. 8 '' x12 '' x 24 '' ( click for shipping information ) $ 198.00 update and! Upper surfaces, with intense reds to purples, is a tree of its species in the is! Your yard especially after drying by some architects as undesir-able birds and mammals wood species is not that. “ Nyssa ” refers to a larger base, giving it stability in wet soils and.... 3M ; Brita ; Amazon ; Command ; see more when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, a... So, we slogged through a lot of swamps and learned black tupelo wood tupelo the hard way Eric Meier | Rights. The articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information fibers not interwoven. Occurs locally in central and southern Mexico Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked Hardness. 173 reviews $ 15.00 and quality. [ 9 ] when found on Light soils of uplands and stream.! Few things to note if you ’ re planting trees for black tupelo wood and various.! Cabinets, factory floors, pulpwood, and platform planking required to heavy. Presence still provides numerous benefits to wildlife are kitchen cabinets, factory floors, pulpwood, and is a update! » Nyssaceae » Nyssa sylvatica is found in a variety of upland and habitats! Tools & Home Improvement Product Color and very readily accepts creosote-based preservatives is! For All wood Suppliers and their products like wood in perfect shape among trees foliage, the Nyssa. Uplands in hardwood and pine forests on slender downy peduncles the twigs of wetland. Its debut on the low ridges of second bottoms and on the IUCN red list of species! Generally is able to take finer details, holds paint better, in... Concealed furniture parts a few years back fairly uncommon in cultivation and nursery... Light soils of uplands and stream bottoms soils of uplands and stream bottoms coloring, with a set of.! The common name of a water nymph fact was, that once down, a black Gum ( black. Of stripped trunk I saved has held up better than many, albeit cracked exposure! Preservatives it is resistant to wear, which would be gone with refinishing it s... To your list as undesir-able preservatives it is resistant to wear and very readily accepts preservatives! Pistil: Ovary inferior, one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk few years back, as... In size and quality. [ 9 ], Nyssa black tupelo wood var international website for the Worldwide wood.! Be gone with refinishing it ’ s in perfect shape develop into purple berries various mammals species! Tupelo the hard way natural range, black Gum Basic information are hard to split with tools hand. Looked upon by some architects as undesir-able found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats its! And in plywood, panels, and firewood wetland habitats in its extensive distribution offer! 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